Arthritis is the number one American disability that affects millions of adults and children every day. There are hundreds of arthritis and related arthritis diseases.
The top diseases of arthritis are:
• Osteoarthritis – this is a painful degenerative disease which affects the cartilage in joints
• Rheumatoid – this is more of an anti-body disease which attacks the fluids in the joint cavities. In addition to pain, this disease can also cause crippling
• Psoriatic – this arthritic disease causes inflammation in the joints
• Gout – an extremely painful arthritic inflammation due to the build-up of a uric chemical in the joints.
Not only does arthritis cause pain, the human body also experiences puffiness, stiffness, a heat sensation, and reddening of the affected area. Individuals also experience ambulation loss. Arthritis affects any joint in the body from the head to the feet. Pain can be intermittent or steady. There are new research advances being conducted in the field of arthritis. Rheumatologists are the specialists who treat and diagnose the varying types of arthritis. A Rheumatologist works with the musculoskeletal system.
If surgery is required due to the disabilities of arthritis, then an Orthopedists is the doctor in charge of the surgical management. Other specialists can involve physical and occupational therapists. To succinctly diagnose the arthritic disease, arthritis doctor johnson city tn offer many key diagnostic equipment and procedures to help their patients, like bone density scans, phlebotomy procedures, well-equipped labs, and vein Intravenous and biologic medications.
There are ultrasound devices to produce musculoskeletal pictures of the joints, x-rays, and training on how patients can inject their own medication. There are new advances for arthritis in the pipeline. These include gene therapy, new osteoarthritis systemic inflammation drugs, and prescribed topical anti-inflammatory creams that are showing great improvements in stopping the pain.
Currently physicians are treating patients with basic physical therapy consisting of exercises to strengthen the joints and muscles. Yes, sometimes braces may be used. In extreme cases surgery is needed. Physicians only recommend surgery when there is a need for joint repairs, replacement, or fusion is needed. Joint repairs require a small incision at the joint to make it smoother. Joint replacement removes the damaged joint and inserts an artificial joint, commonly the hip or knees.
A joint fusion surgery is performed on thinner joints like the ankle, wrist, or fingers. Parts of the joints are removed and fused together to give relief from pain and provide better motion. What causes arthritis which affects the joints, muscles, and their environment? The guesstimate includes old age deterioration of bone and cartilage, weight gain placing pressure on the joints, joint and muscle injuries from sports, repetitive manual labor, and certain viruses or bacteria.
When counseling arthritis sufferers like children or newly diagnosed patients, doctors refer to the basic 5 at-home and life-style treatments. The placebo recommendations are to have patients lose weight to take the stress from certain joints. An exercise regimen to help the joints remain flexible. It is recommended that patients use heat or ice to relieve the pain. Lastly, the use of canes, walkers, etc., help to improve mobility and not add unnecessary pressure on the joints.